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Back to Birth Control Methods.

Sterilization
Vasectomy
Please read our disclaimer

Female Sterilization

This is surgery to clip, band or break the fallopian tube. This will ensure that the sperm cannot reach the egg, thus preventing fertilization.

How well it works:

This method is 99.5 percent effective. This means for every 100 sexually active women that are sterilized, less then one of them will become pregnant in the first year.

Advantages:

  • Permanent, highly effective method
  • Cost effective
  • Nothing to remember on a daily basis or before intercourse
  • Lack of significant side effects
  • Intercourse can be spontaneous

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Permanent type of birth control (reversibility difficult and expensive)
  • Possible complications with surgery
  • Possible changes in menstrual pattern
  • If failure occurs, higher risk for ectopic pregnancy

Instructions for use:

Must consult with your health care provider. Schedule a surgery appointment.

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Male Sterilization-Vasectomy

A vasectomy blocks the vas deferens to prevent the passage of sperm into the ejaculated seminal fluid. Since there is no sperm in the ejaculate, no fertilization can occur.

How well it works:

This method is 99.9 percent effective. This means for every 100 sexually active women having intercourse with men who have had a vasectomy, less then one of them will become pregnant in the first year.

Advantages:

  • Permanent, highly effective method
  • Cost effective
  • Nothing to remember on a daily basis or before intercourse
  • Intercourse can be spontaneous
  • No contraception burden for the female
  • Simpler, safer than female sterilization
  • Lack of significant long term side effects

Disadvantages:

  • No protection against Sexually Transmitted Infections
  • Permanence (reversibility is difficult and expensive)
  • Protects male from impregnating his partner (but not the female if intercourse occurs with someone else)
  • Requires surgical procedure and trained provider
  • Short term discomfort

Instructions for use:

  • Consult with health care provider. Schedule an outpatient surgical procedure appointment.

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